Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

This article by Alex Goodwin, age 18 of Madras College, St Andrews describes how to find the sum of 1 + 22 + 333 + 4444 + ... to n terms.

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges of these multiplication arithmagons?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?

Make and prove a conjecture about the cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in a circle of radius r that has the maximum perimeter and the maximum area.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Can you work out the irrational numbers that belong in the circles to make the multiplication arithmagon correct?

An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.

These gnomons appear to have more than a passing connection with the Fibonacci sequence. This problem ask you to investigate some of these connections.

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Your data is a set of positive numbers. What is the maximum value that the standard deviation can take?

A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Equal touching circles have centres on a line. From a point of this line on a circle, a tangent is drawn to the farthest circle. Find the lengths of chords where the line cuts the other circles.

What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?

A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ... What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?