Resources tagged with: Generalising

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There are 128 results

Broad Topics > Thinking Mathematically > Generalising

Loopy

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

Regular Hexagon Loops

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Janine's Conjecture

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Multiplication Arithmagons

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges of these multiplication arithmagons?

Converging Means

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Go Forth and Generalise

Age 11 to 14

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Jam

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A game for 2 players

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Winning Lines

Age 7 to 16

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Tourism

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Frogs

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Pair Products

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Games Related to Nim

Age 5 to 16

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Picturing Triangular Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Nim

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Sum Equals Product

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be. . . .

Adding in Rows

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

One, Three, Five, Seven

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Make 37

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Hypotenuse Lattice Points

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Got It

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Neighbourly Addition

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Nim-like Games

Age 7 to 16
Challenge Level

A collection of games on the NIM theme

Egyptian Fractions

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Nim-7 for Two

Age 5 to 14
Challenge Level

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Steps to the Podium

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Magic Letters

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Steel Cables

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Partly Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Christmas Chocolates

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Handshakes

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Beach Huts

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you figure out how sequences of beach huts are generated?

Keep it Simple

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Tower of Hanoi

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Sliding Puzzle

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Consecutive Negative Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Partitioning Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

More Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Arithmagons

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

More Twisting and Turning

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Seven Squares - Group-worthy Task

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Sums of Pairs

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

What's Possible?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

One O Five

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Have You Got It?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Triangle Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Take a look at the multiplication square. The first eleven triangle numbers have been identified. Can you see a pattern? Does the pattern continue?