# Resources tagged with: Generalising

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### There are 128 results

Broad Topics > Thinking Mathematically > Generalising

### Polycircles

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

### Equilateral Areas

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

### Pareq Calc

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

### Tilted Squares

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

### Squaring the Circle and Circling the Square

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

### Multiplication Arithmagons

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges of these multiplication arithmagons?

### 2001 Spatial Oddity

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.

### Semi-square

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

### Jam

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

A game for 2 players

##### Age 11 to 16

Dave Hewitt suggests that there might be more to mathematics than looking at numerical results, finding patterns and generalising.

### Pair Products

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

### Go Forth and Generalise

##### Age 11 to 14

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

### Of All the Areas

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

### Loopy

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

### Partitioning Revisited

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

### Regular Hexagon Loops

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

### What's Possible?

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

### Multiplication Square

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

### Cubes Within Cubes Revisited

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

### More Number Pyramids

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

### Arithmagons

##### Age 11 to 16Challenge Level

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

### More Twisting and Turning

##### Age 11 to 16Challenge Level

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

### Converging Means

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

### Make 37

##### Age 7 to 14Challenge Level

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

### Picturing Triangular Numbers

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

### In a Spin

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

### Chocolate 2010

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

### Games Related to Nim

##### Age 5 to 16

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

### Dotty Triangles

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

### Number Pyramids

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

### Konigsberg Plus

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

### Hidden Rectangles

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

### Enclosing Squares

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

### Got It

##### Age 7 to 14Challenge Level

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

### Attractive Tablecloths

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

### Shear Magic

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Explore the area of families of parallelograms and triangles. Can you find rules to work out the areas?

### Christmas Chocolates

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

### Generating Triples

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

### Spaces for Exploration

##### Age 11 to 14

Alf Coles writes about how he tries to create 'spaces for exploration' for the students in his classrooms.

### Beelines

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

### Partly Painted Cube

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

### Janine's Conjecture

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

### Handshakes

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

### Is There a Theorem?

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ... What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .

### Route to Infinity

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

### Window Frames

##### Age 5 to 14Challenge Level

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

### Overlap

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

### More Magic Potting Sheds

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

### Beach Huts

##### Age 11 to 14Challenge Level

Can you figure out how sequences of beach huts are generated?