If you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights, how many of each would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

Explore the area of families of parallelograms and triangles. Can you find rules to work out the areas?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Charlie and Alison have been drawing patterns on coordinate grids. Can you picture where the patterns lead?

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ... What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?