Resources tagged with: Generalising

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Broad Topics > Thinking Mathematically > Generalising

Konigsberg Plus

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Tourism

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

One, Three, Five, Seven

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Hidden Rectangles

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

More Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Squares, Squares and More Squares

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Cubes Within Cubes Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Partitioning Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Hypotenuse Lattice Points

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

More Twisting and Turning

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Tower of Hanoi

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Cuboid Challenge

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?

Regular Hexagon Loops

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Mind Reading

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Sliding Puzzle

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Jam

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A game for 2 players

Arithmagons

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Adding in Rows

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Egyptian Fractions

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Got It

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Winning Lines

Age 7 to 16

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Go Forth and Generalise

Age 11 to 14

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Frogs

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Shear Magic

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Explore the area of families of parallelograms and triangles. Can you find rules to work out the areas?

Picturing Square Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Seven Squares - Group-worthy Task

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Picturing Triangular Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Games Related to Nim

Age 5 to 16

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Sum Equals Product

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be. . . .

Nim

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

Nim-like Games

Age 7 to 16
Challenge Level

A collection of games on the NIM theme

Sums of Pairs

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Keep it Simple

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

Card Trick 2

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you explain how this card trick works?

Steps to the Podium

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Window Frames

Age 5 to 14
Challenge Level

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Steel Cables

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

One O Five

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Magic Letters

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Chocolate Maths

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Building Gnomons

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Route to Infinity

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Nim-7

Age 5 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Coordinate Patterns

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Charlie and Alison have been drawing patterns on coordinate grids. Can you picture where the patterns lead?