In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.