Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Explore the area of families of parallelograms and triangles. Can you find rules to work out the areas?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Surprise your friends with this magic square trick.

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Charlie and Alison have been drawing patterns on coordinate grids. Can you picture where the patterns lead?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?