In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.