Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.
15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?