Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?