Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Great Granddad is very proud of his telegram from the Queen congratulating him on his hundredth birthday and he has friends who are even older than he is... When was he born?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Take a look at the multiplication square. The first eleven triangle numbers have been identified. Can you see a pattern? Does the pattern continue?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?