The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so. . . .

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

These tasks give learners chance to generalise, which involves identifying an underlying structure.

This article for primary teachers discusses how we can help learners generalise and prove, using NRICH tasks as examples.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.