Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
These tasks give learners chance to generalise, which involves identifying an underlying structure.
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
A collection of games on the NIM theme
Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?