Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

These tasks give learners chance to generalise, which involves identifying an underlying structure.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.