Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
These tasks give learners chance to generalise, which involves identifying an underlying structure.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?