Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?