We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Surprise your friends with this magic square trick.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?
Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Can you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.
This activity focuses on rounding to the nearest 10.
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.
Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?