Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

The twelve edge totals of a standard six-sided die are distributed symmetrically. Will the same symmetry emerge with a dodecahedral die?

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of the first n terms in a geometric sequence?

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The tangles created by the twists and turns of the Conway rope trick are surprisingly symmetrical. Here's why!

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

Find the positive integer solutions of the equation (1+1/a)(1+1/b)(1+1/c) = 2

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

Which of these triangular jigsaws are impossible to finish?

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.