The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.

Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.

Can you work out where the blue-and-red brick roads end?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

Which is the biggest and which the smallest of $2000^{2002}, 2001^{2001} \text{and } 2002^{2000}$?

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.