It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

The twelve edge totals of a standard six-sided die are distributed symmetrically. Will the same symmetry emerge with a dodecahedral die?

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.

Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

An introduction to some beautiful results of Number Theory (a branch of pure mathematics devoted primarily to the study of the integers and integer-valued functions)

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?