The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of the first n terms in a geometric sequence?

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

The tangles created by the twists and turns of the Conway rope trick are surprisingly symmetrical. Here's why!

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.