Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of the first n terms in a geometric sequence?

If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

A introduction to how patterns can be deceiving, and what is and is not a proof.

Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how many of the other mini-challenges will you invent for yourself?

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Put the steps of this proof in order to find the formula for the sum of an arithmetic sequence

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Can you work out where the blue-and-red brick roads end?

Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.