Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series?

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how many of the other mini-challenges will you invent for yourself?