Tom writes about expressing numbers as the sums of three squares.
A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.
Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.
We only need 7 numbers for modulus (or clock) arithmetic mod 7 including working with fractions. Explore how to divide numbers and write fractions in modulus arithemtic.
Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.
Peter Zimmerman from Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London gives a neat proof that: 5^(2n+1) + 11^(2n+1) + 17^(2n+1) is divisible by 33 for every non negative integer n.
Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how many of the other mini-challenges will you invent for yourself?
Have a go at being mathematically negative, by negating these statements.
Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.
Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series?
This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.
Which of these triangular jigsaws are impossible to finish?
Three equilateral triangles ABC, AYX and XZB are drawn with the point X a moveable point on AB. The points P, Q and R are the centres of the three triangles. What can you say about triangle PQR?
Prove that if a is a natural number and the square root of a is rational, then it is a square number (an integer n^2 for some integer n.)
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.
What can you say about the common difference of an AP where every term is prime?
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.
Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.
Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?
An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.
These proofs are wrong. Can you see why?
An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.
In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).
Can you discover whether this is a fair game?
Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?
With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?
Here the diagram says it all. Can you find the diagram?
This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .
Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?
You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.
Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?
A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree has. . . .
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
Prove that in every tetrahedron there is a vertex such that the three edges meeting there have lengths which could be the sides of a triangle.
Can you work out where the blue-and-red brick roads end?
Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.
We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
Use this interactivity to sort out the steps of the proof of the formula for the sum of an arithmetic series. The 'thermometer' will tell you how you are doing
Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?
It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?