The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.
As a quadrilateral Q is deformed (keeping the edge lengths constnt) the diagonals and the angle X between them change. Prove that the area of Q is proportional to tanX.
This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.
It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.
Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?
Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?
The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .
The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!
This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.
L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?
What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?
Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.
Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?
Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?
Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.
Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.
Can the pdfs and cdfs of an exponential distribution intersect?
Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
Can you work out where the blue-and-red brick roads end?
The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?
Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.
Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.
An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?
Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?
With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?
Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.
Which of these roads will satisfy a Munchkin builder?
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.
How many tours visit each vertex of a cube once and only once? How many return to the starting point?
Here the diagram says it all. Can you find the diagram?
Prove that in every tetrahedron there is a vertex such that the three edges meeting there have lengths which could be the sides of a triangle.
Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.