The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The tangles created by the twists and turns of the Conway rope trick are surprisingly symmetrical. Here's why!

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

An introduction to the binomial coefficient, and exploration of some of the formulae it satisfies.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?