If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

This article stems from research on the teaching of proof and offers guidance on how to move learners from focussing on experimental arguments to mathematical arguments and deductive reasoning.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2 digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to 10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

I want some cubes painted with three blue faces and three red faces. How many different cubes can be painted like that?

If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?

This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

Six points are arranged in space so that no three are collinear. How many line segments can be formed by joining the points in pairs?

A huge wheel is rolling past your window. What do you see?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Toni Beardon has chosen this article introducing a rich area for practical exploration and discovery in 3D geometry