Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?
If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?
L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.
Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?
It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?
An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
We have exactly 100 coins. There are five different values of coins. We have decided to buy a piece of computer software for 39.75. We have the correct money, not a penny more, not a penny less! Can. . . .
What does logic mean to us and is that different to mathematical logic? We will explore these questions in this article.
These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.
Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.
Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?
I want some cubes painted with three blue faces and three red faces. How many different cubes can be painted like that?
Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.
This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.
The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!
Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.
This jar used to hold perfumed oil. It contained enough oil to fill granid silver bottles. Each bottle held enough to fill ozvik golden goblets and each goblet held enough to fill vaswik crystal. . . .
What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?
There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?
Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?
Six points are arranged in space so that no three are collinear. How many line segments can be formed by joining the points in pairs?
An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?
I start with a red, a green and a blue marble. I can trade any of my marbles for two others, one of each colour. Can I end up with five more blue marbles than red after a number of such trades?
I start with a red, a blue, a green and a yellow marble. I can trade any of my marbles for three others, one of each colour. Can I end up with exactly two marbles of each colour?
Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.
The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .
Eight children enter the autumn cross-country race at school. How many possible ways could they come in at first, second and third places?
What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?
A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .
From a group of any 4 students in a class of 30, each has exchanged Christmas cards with the other three. Show that some students have exchanged cards with all the other students in the class. How. . . .
Let a(n) be the number of ways of expressing the integer n as an ordered sum of 1's and 2's. Let b(n) be the number of ways of expressing n as an ordered sum of integers greater than 1. (i) Calculate. . . .
Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.
Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?
Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?