It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?
Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?
ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.
This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.
What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.
Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?
Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?
A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?
The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .
The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.
What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?
Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.
An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.
The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?
It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.
Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.
Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?
Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.
A huge wheel is rolling past your window. What do you see?
Which hexagons tessellate?
Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?
The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .
If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?
Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.
The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.
Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?
Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?
Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .
Can you discover whether this is a fair game?
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.