Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?
An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.
It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.
What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?
This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.
The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?
Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.
Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!
Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?
An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.
A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.
In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2 digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to 10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.
A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?
An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.
Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.
This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.
Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?
The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.
What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?
I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?
ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.
Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?
Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?
Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.
L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?
Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?
If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?
We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.
Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?
Which of these roads will satisfy a Munchkin builder?
A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?
There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?