A very mathematical light - what can you see?
A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?
Jennifer Piggott and Charlie Gilderdale describe a free interactive circular geoboard environment that can lead learners to pose mathematical questions.
Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.
A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.
Using LOGO, can you construct elegant procedures that will draw this family of 'floor coverings'?
If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?
Start with a triangle. Can you cut it up to make a rectangle?
ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
Can you sketch triangles that fit in the cells in this grid? Which ones are impossible? How do you know?
An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
Make an equilateral triangle by folding paper and use it to make patterns of your own.
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
Draw three straight lines to separate these shapes into four groups - each group must contain one of each shape.
A game in which players take it in turns to try to draw quadrilaterals (or triangles) with particular properties. Is it possible to fill the game grid?
Can you each work out what shape you have part of on your card? What will the rest of it look like?
A game in which players take it in turns to turn up two cards. If they can draw a triangle which satisfies both properties they win the pair of cards. And a few challenging questions to follow...
Generate three random numbers to determine the side lengths of a triangle. What triangles can you draw?
What shapes can you make by folding an A4 piece of paper?
Triangles are formed by joining the vertices of a skeletal cube. How many different types of triangle are there? How many triangles altogether?
Draw all the possible distinct triangles on a 4 x 4 dotty grid. Convince me that you have all possible triangles.
This interactivity allows you to sort logic blocks by dragging their images.
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
Have you noticed that triangles are used in manmade structures? Perhaps there is a good reason for this? 'Test a Triangle' and see how rigid triangles are.
How would you move the bands on the pegboard to alter these shapes?
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
Cut a square of paper into three pieces as shown. Now,can you use the 3 pieces to make a large triangle, a parallelogram and the square again?
You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Can you describe what happens in this film?
The graph below is an oblique coordinate system based on 60 degree angles. It was drawn on isometric paper. What kinds of triangles do these points form?
Can you find all the different triangles on these peg boards, and find their angles?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
The large rectangle is divided into a series of smaller quadrilaterals and triangles. Can you untangle what fractional part is represented by each of the shapes?
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?
This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.
Make a flower design using the same shape made out of different sizes of paper.
Can you work out what shape is made by folding in this way? Why not create some patterns using this shape but in different sizes?
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?