There are 60 NRICH Mathematical resources connected to Properties of numbers, you may find related items under Numbers and the Number System.Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Properties of numbers
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?
Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
What is the last digit of the number 1 / 5^903 ?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.
15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?
Can you find examples of magic crosses? Can you find all the possibilities?
Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?
Guess the Dominoes for child and adult. Work out which domino your partner has chosen by asking good questions.
This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.
A case is found with a combination lock. There is one clue about the number needed to open the case. Can you find the number and open the case?
Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Imagine a machine with four coloured lights which respond to different rules. Can you find the smallest possible number which will make all four colours light up?
This task depends on learners sharing reasoning, listening to opinions, reflecting and pulling ideas together.
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?
Can you make a hypothesis to explain these ancient numbers?
Ranging from kindergarten mathematics to the fringe of research this informal article paints the big picture of number in a non technical way suitable for primary teachers and older students.
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
Find out about palindromic numbers by reading this article.
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
What would you do if your teacher asked you add all the numbers from 1 to 100? Find out how Carl Gauss responded when he was asked to do just that.
There are some water lilies in a lake. The area that they cover doubles in size every day. After 17 days the whole lake is covered. How long did it take them to cover half the lake?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
N people visit their friends staying N kilometres along the coast. Some walk along the cliff path at N km an hour, the rest go by car. How long is the road?
What are the last two digits of 2^(2^2003)?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
This article explains how credit card numbers are defined and the check digit serves to verify their accuracy.
Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .
What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?
Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?
A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Consider the equation 1/a + 1/b + 1/c = 1 where a, b and c are natural numbers and 0 < a < b < c. Prove that there is only one set of values which satisfy this equation.
The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.
This investigation is about happy numbers in the World of the Octopus where all numbers are written in base 8 ... Find all the fixed points and cycles for the happy number sequences in base 8.
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Suppose you had to begin the never ending task of writing out the natural numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.... and so on. What would be the 1000th digit you would write down.