Find all the solutions to the this equation.
Attach weights of 1, 2, 4, and 8 units to the four attachment points on the bar. Move the bar from side to side until you find a balance point. Is it possible to predict that position?
Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
Prove that the product of the sum of n positive numbers with the sum of their reciprocals is not less than n^2.
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
Balance the bar with the three weight on the inside.
Prove that 3 times the sum of 3 squares is the sum of 4 squares. Rather easier, can you prove that twice the sum of two squares always gives the sum of two squares?
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?
To break down an algebraic fraction into partial fractions in which all the denominators are linear and all the numerators are constants you sometimes need complex numbers.
Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?
Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?
If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.
How to build your own magic squares.
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.
An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
Can you fit polynomials through these points?
Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?
Five equations... five unknowns... can you solve the system?
If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?
Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?
Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...
My train left London between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. and arrived in Paris between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m. At the start and end of the journey the hands on my watch were in exactly the same positions but the. . . .
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =
By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.
Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.
Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?
Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?
By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn
Use algebra to reason why 16 and 32 are impossible to create as the sum of consecutive numbers.
How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .
Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.
Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?
The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?
This pattern of six circles contains three unit circles. Work out the radii of the other three circles and the relationship between them.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?