Resources tagged with: Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

Lens Angle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

Nicely Similar

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Sitting Pretty

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Diophantine N-tuples

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Your Number Is...

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Is it Magic or Is it Maths?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

More Mathematical Mysteries

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Good Work If You Can Get It

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

Square Pizza

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Salinon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Card Trick 1

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you explain how this card trick works?

Always the Same

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Algebra from Geometry

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Magic Sums and Products

Age 11 to 16

How to build your own magic squares.

Algebra Match

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Pythagoras Proofs

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Quadratic Patterns

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

How Big?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Pick's Theorem

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Can They Be Equal?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

Generating Triples

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Robert's Spreadsheet

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

Mindreader

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Pareq Calc

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Pinned Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Puzzling Place Value

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you explain what is going on in these puzzling number tricks?

Perfectly Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

More Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

One and Three

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Chocolate Maths

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Pair Products

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Lower Bound

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Gutter

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Partly Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

The Number Jumbler

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

The Number Jumbler can always work out your chosen symbol. Can you work out how?

Marbles in a Box

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Always a Multiple?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

Steel Cables

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Training Schedule

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

Difference of Two Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is special about the difference between squares of numbers adjacent to multiples of three?

Reversals

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Where should you start, if you want to finish back where you started?