Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

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This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

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Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Challenge Level

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Challenge Level

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Challenge Level

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

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If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Challenge Level

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Challenge Level

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

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Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Challenge Level

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Challenge Level

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Challenge Level

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Challenge Level

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

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Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

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What is special about the difference between squares of numbers adjacent to multiples of three?

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Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

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There are unexpected discoveries to be made about square numbers...

Challenge Level

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

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Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Challenge Level

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

Challenge Level

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Challenge Level

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

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If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Challenge Level

Can you explain what is going on in these puzzling number tricks?

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Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

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How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

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A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Challenge Level

A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .

Challenge Level

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Challenge Level

If you know the perimeter of a right angled triangle, what can you say about the area?

Challenge Level

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Challenge Level

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Challenge Level

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

Challenge Level

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Challenge Level

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Challenge Level

A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?

Challenge Level

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Challenge Level

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Challenge Level

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Challenge Level

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Challenge Level

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?