Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?
Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.
In a snooker game the brown ball was on the lip of the pocket but it could not be hit directly as the black ball was in the way. How could it be potted by playing the white ball off a cushion?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?
To investigate the relationship between the distance the ruler drops and the time taken, we need to do some mathematical modelling...
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...
Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?
Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?
How to build your own magic squares.
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
My train left London between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. and arrived in Paris between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m. At the start and end of the journey the hands on my watch were in exactly the same positions but the. . . .
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?
Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?
Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.
Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?
If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?
Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .
Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?
The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?
Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?
Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .
Fifteen students had to travel 60 miles. They could use a car, which could only carry 5 students. As the car left with the first 5 (at 40 miles per hour), the remaining 10 commenced hiking along the. . . .
Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .
Can you find the lap times of the two cyclists travelling at constant speeds?
Think of a number Multiply it by 3 Add 6 Take away your start number Divide by 2 Take away your number. (You have finished with 3!) HOW DOES THIS WORK?
A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?