The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Can you figure out how sequences of beach huts are generated?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so. . . .

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Play around with the Fibonacci sequence and discover some surprising results!

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

If you know the perimeter of a right angled triangle, what can you say about the area?

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

There are unexpected discoveries to be made about square numbers...