Resources tagged with: Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

Please Explain

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Number Rules - OK

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you produce convincing arguments that a selection of statements about numbers are true?

Legs Eleven

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Really Mr. Bond

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

Why 8?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .

Even So

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Hot Pursuit

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Adding in Rows

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Magic Squares for Special Occasions

Age 11 to 16

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

The Number Jumbler

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

The Number Jumbler can always work out your chosen symbol. Can you work out how?

Chocolate Maths

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Is it Magic or Is it Maths?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Reversals

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Where should you start, if you want to finish back where you started?

Sixational

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

How Many Miles to Go?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Think of Two Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

DOTS Division

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Quick Times

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Diagonal Sums

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Seven Up

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?

More Mathematical Mysteries

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Enriching Experience

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram

Crossed Ends

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Janine's Conjecture

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Always the Same

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Multiply the Addition Square

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Algebra from Geometry

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Top-heavy Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

The Simple Life

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The answer is $5x+8y$... What was the question?

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Puzzling Place Value

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you explain what is going on in these puzzling number tricks?

Special Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Robert's Spreadsheet

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

Unit Interval

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Pair Products

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Perfectly Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Always a Multiple?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

Your Number Is...

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Your Number Was...

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Quadratic Patterns

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

Never Prime

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Magic Sums and Products

Age 11 to 16

How to build your own magic squares.

Algebra Match

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Mind Reading

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Difference of Two Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is special about the difference between squares of numbers adjacent to multiples of three?

Square Number Surprises

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

There are unexpected discoveries to be made about square numbers...

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Pythagoras Perimeters

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If you know the perimeter of a right angled triangle, what can you say about the area?