Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

What are the possible dimensions of a rectangular hallway if the number of tiles around the perimeter is exactly half the total number of tiles?