Resources tagged with: Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

Marbles in a Box

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Triangles Within Pentagons

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

Cubes Within Cubes Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

A Tilted Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Christmas Chocolates

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Partly Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Triangles Within Triangles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

Interactive Number Patterns

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

Mindreader

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Triangles Within Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

Magic W

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

More Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Around and Back

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Pythagoras Proofs

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Partitioning Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Steel Cables

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Seven Squares

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

One and Three

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

More Mathematical Mysteries

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Regular Hexagon Loops

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Square Pizza

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Areas of Parallelograms

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Can They Be Equal?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Always the Same

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Attractive Tablecloths

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

Chocolate Maths

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Is it Magic or Is it Maths?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Pick's Theorem

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Janine's Conjecture

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Sum Equals Product

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be. . . .

Pareq Calc

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Pinned Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Sums of Pairs

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Mediant Madness

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Training Schedule

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

Mind Reading

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Adding in Rows

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Boxed In

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?

Generating Triples

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Pair Products

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Magic Sums and Products

Age 11 to 16

How to build your own magic squares.