Resources tagged with: Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

Sitting Pretty

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Nicely Similar

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Pythagoras Proofs

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Lens Angle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Salinon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Gutter

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

How Big?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Generating Triples

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Lap Times

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the lap times of the two cyclists travelling at constant speeds?

One and Three

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Around and Back

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Screen Shot

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .

Pareq Calc

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Always the Same

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Algebra from Geometry

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Card Trick 1

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you explain how this card trick works?

A Tilted Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Areas of Parallelograms

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Chocolate 2010

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Perimeter Expressions

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

Puzzling Place Value

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you explain what is going on in these puzzling number tricks?

Can They Be Equal?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

There and Back

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?

Marbles in a Box

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Magic Sums and Products

Age 11 to 16

How to build your own magic squares.

Robert's Spreadsheet

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

Terminology

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Multiplication Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Algebra Match

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Pick's Theorem

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

Quadratic Patterns

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

Square Pizza

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Training Schedule

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

Difference of Two Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is special about the difference between squares of numbers adjacent to multiples of three?

Your Number Is...

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Square Number Surprises

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

There are unexpected discoveries to be made about square numbers...

Pythagoras Perimeters

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If you know the perimeter of a right angled triangle, what can you say about the area?

More Mathematical Mysteries

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Good Work If You Can Get It

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

Boxed In

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?

Mindreader

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Quick Times

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Pinned Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Fair Shares?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Is it Magic or Is it Maths?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .