However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?