Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.