Resources tagged with: Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Creating and manipulating expressions and formulae

Archimedes and Numerical Roots

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Harmonic Triangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Consecutive Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Unusual Long Division - Square Roots Before Calculators

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?

Lower Bound

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Sum Equals Product

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be. . . .

Fibonacci Surprises

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Play around with the Fibonacci sequence and discover some surprising results!

Mind Reading

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Beach Huts

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you figure out how sequences of beach huts are generated?

Perfectly Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Number Rules - OK

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you produce convincing arguments that a selection of statements about numbers are true?

Sums of Pairs

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Christmas Chocolates

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Summing Consecutive Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

AMGM

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?

Dating Made Easier

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Quadratic Patterns

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

Partitioning Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Cubes Within Cubes Revisited

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Square Pizza

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Regular Hexagon Loops

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

More Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Partly Painted Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Chocolate 2010

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Enriching Experience

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram

How Big?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Plum Tree

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!

Series Sums

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Let S1 = 1 , S2 = 2 + 3, S3 = 4 + 5 + 6 ,........ Calculate S17.

Attractive Tablecloths

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

Seven Squares

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

Pair Products

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Steel Cables

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Mindreader

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Pinned Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

How Do You React?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

To investigate the relationship between the distance the ruler drops and the time taken, we need to do some mathematical modelling...

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Fair Shares?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Sitting Pretty

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Unit Interval

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Your Number Is...

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Number Pyramids

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Your Number Was...

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

One and Three

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

DOTS Division

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Salinon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

' Tis Whole

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?

Interactive Number Patterns

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?