We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

What are the possible dimensions of a rectangular hallway if the number of tiles around the perimeter is exactly half the total number of tiles?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

The Number Jumbler can always work out your chosen symbol. Can you work out how?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 � 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so. . . .

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Can you find pairs of differently sized windows that cost the same?

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

A box has faces with areas 3, 12 and 25 square centimetres. What is the volume of the box?

Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

The well known Fibonacci sequence is 1 ,1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21.... How many Fibonacci sequences can you find containing the number 196 as one of the terms?