Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .

Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

What is the remainder when 2^{164}is divided by 7?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

These pictures and answers leave the viewer with the problem "What is the Question". Can you give the question and how the answer follows?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

What is the least square number which commences with six two's?

Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.