Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .
Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?
This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.