Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .