Resources tagged with: Multiplication & division

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Multiplication & division

Like Powers

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Power Mad!

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Slippy Numbers

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Double Digit

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .

Legs Eleven

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Please Explain

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Repeaters

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

As Easy as 1,2,3

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Why 8?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .

Times Right

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Multiply the Addition Square

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Two Many

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the least square number which commences with six two's?

A Mixed-up Clock

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Oh! Hidden Inside?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Alphabetti Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

3388

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

What Is the Question?

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

These pictures and answers leave the viewer with the problem "What is the Question". Can you give the question and how the answer follows?

Method in Multiplying Madness?

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

What Two ...?

Age 7 to 11 Short Challenge Level:

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Being Resilient - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Sept03 Sept03 Sept03

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Number Tracks

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

It Was 2010!

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?

Largest Number

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Adding All Nine

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Escape from the Castle

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Tom's Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Largest Product

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Ducking and Dividing

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

A One in Seven Chance

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the remainder when 2^{164}is divided by 7?

Journeys on the Gattegno Tens Chart

Age 5 to 11

Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.

What Is Ziffle?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

Clever Santa

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Divide it Out

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Square Subtraction

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

X Marks the Spot

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Difficulties with Division

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Making Pathways

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Napier's Bones

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

How Much Did it Cost?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Looking at Lego

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.

Penta Post

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Pied Piper of Hamelin

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Machines

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is happening at each box in these machines?

Odds and Threes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Fair Feast

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Book Codes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

One Million to Seven

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Learning Times Tables

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.