Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

More resources to support understanding multiplication and division through playing with numbers

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Related resources supporting pupils' understanding of multiplication and division through playing with numbers.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?